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Giftedness

Defining “Giftedness”
There are many ways to define the term “gifted.”  There is not a universally agreed upon way to define giftedness, as giftedness, intelligence and talent are fluid concepts that can look different according to the context and culture. However, with that in mind, we have listed below a few recognized definitions.

National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) definition
“Gifted individuals are those who demonstrate outstanding levels of aptitude (Defined as an exceptional ability to reason and learn) or competence (documented performance or achievement in top 10% or rarer) in one or more domains. Domains include any structured area of activity with its own symbol system (e.g. mathematics, music, language) and/or set of sensorimotor skills (e.g. painting, dance, sports).”

The Javits Act (1988)
This definition is taken from the Javits Act, which provides grants for education programs serving bright children from low-income families:

“The term gifted and talented student means children and youth who give evidence of higher performance capability in such areas as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who require services or activities not ordinarily provided by the schools in order to develop such capabilities fully.”

 North Carolina State Definition of AIG Students, Article 9B (N.C.G.S. § 115C-150.5)
“Academically or intellectually gifted (AIG) students perform or show the potential to perform at substantially high levels of accomplishment when compared with others of their age, experiences or environment. Academically or intellectually gifted students exhibit high performance capability in intellectual areas, specific academic fields, or in both the intellectual areas and specific academic fields. Academically or intellectually gifted students require differentiated educational services beyond those ordinarily provided by the regular educational program. Outstanding abilities are present in students from all cultural groups, across all economic strata, and in all areas of human endeavor.”

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Published by Jennifer Matlack on October 13, 2016
        
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